Categories of abuse

Abuse can be…

  • Physical – including assault, hitting, pushing, slapping, kicking, misuse of medication, restraint or inappropriate sanctions
  • Domestic - including psychological, physical, sexual, financial, emotional abuse and so called ‘honour’ based violence
  • Sexual – including rape, indecent exposure, sexual harassment, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual teasing or innuendo, sexual photography, subjection to pornography or witnessing sexual acts, indecent exposure and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the adult has not consented or was pressured into consenting
  • Psychological – including emotional abuse, threats of harm or abandonment, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, cyber bullying, isolation or unreasonable and unjustified withdrawal of services or supportive networks
  • Financial or material abuse – including theft, fraud, internet scamming, coercion in relations to an adult’s financial affairs or arrangements, including in connection with wills, property, inheritance or financial transactions, or the misuse or misappropriation of property, possessions or benefits
  • Modern Slavery – encompasses slavery, human trafficking, forced labour and domestic servitude
  • Discriminatory abuse – including forms of harassment, slurs or similar treatment; because of race, gender and gender identity, age, disability, sexual orientation or religion
  • Organisational abuse – including neglect and poor care practice within an institution or specific care setting such as a hospital, care home, or in relation to care provided in person’s home. May range from one off incidents to on-going ill treatment.
  • Neglect and acts of omission - including ignoring medical, emotional or physical care needs, failure to provide access to appropriate health, care and support or educational services, the withholding of the necessities of life, such as medication, adequate nutrition and heating
  • Self-neglect – a wide range of behaviour neglecting care for one’s personal hygiene, health or surroundings and includes behaviour such as hoarding
  • Female Genital Mutilation (child risks and adult at risk)